Durian is one of the largest tropical fruits most commonly found in Southeast Asia countries like Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Philippines. Durian is easily recognized by its shape; a remarkably foul odour and its thorn-covered rind.
The fruit can grow as large as 30 centimeters (12 in) long and 15 centimeters (6 in) in diameter, and it typically weighs one to three kilograms (2 to 7 lb). Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species of the durian. Inside the husk, there are five or six segments of yellow white, yellow or golden yellow creamy custardy pulp.
The name, durian, is derived from the Malay language word for duri which means spike. The word durian generally refers to the whole fruit but it can also mean just the durian flesh that we eat, and also to the tree.
The name of durian in other languages sounds very close too. For example, it is called Liu lian (榴莲) in Chinese, Thurian/Thureyn（ทุเรียน）in Thai and Dorian (ドリアン) in Japanese.
Other than the commonly known 'Durian', this distinctive fruit also has a scientific name called 'Durio Zibethinus'. Out of the 30 recognized Durio species, durian is one of nine species that are edible and also the most popular.
King Of Fruits
You might be wondering, why among all fruits is durian being honored the title ‘The King of Fruits’? Firstly, Durian is recognized by most as the King Of Fruits because of the unique spikes that enclosed its soft and edible flesh, reminiscent of a king crown. Secondly, durian is a fruit with an extremely unique taste and appearance that leaves a deep impression on almost everyone who had tasted or seen it. There is no virtually other fruit you can compare it with in terms of its unique shape, smell or taste!
Durians are fruits that hail from tress which take around 4-5 years to start bearing fruits. When the fruits are ripe, they fall onto the ground, ready for harvest and consumption. The durian trees' fruits are harvested twice a year, usually in February for 2 months and in September or October for 3 months. During these 2 durian seasons of the year, durian aficionados come out in full force to enjoy the season!