One of the primary vitamins found in durian is vitamin C, which plays a vital role in boosting the immune system, speeding up wound healing, and reducing cholesterol levels. Durian is also a rich source of vitamin B, which helps keep free radicals at bay, prevents aging and heart disease, and even improves serotonin levels, which can enhance mood and alleviate depression.
In addition to vitamins, durian also contains essential minerals like potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure and heart rate, and tryptophan, which can induce sleep and aid in treating epilepsy. It also contains iron, copper, and manganese, which promote healthy red blood cells, strong bones, and smooth skin. Moreover, thiamin and folic acid found in durian help metabolize carbohydrates into energy, improve muscle and nerve health, prevent heart diseases, and facilitate fetal development for pregnant women.
Furthermore, durian contains a significant amount of dietary fiber, which aids digestion and can prevent or treat constipation. Insoluble fiber found in durian increases bowel movement and makes it easier for stools to pass, preventing serious conditions like colorectal cancer. It also helps reduce cholesterol levels in the blood and prevents the formation of plaque buildup in the cardiovascular system, which can lead to heart disease.
Vitamin B1, also known as thiamin, is essential for maintaining a healthy nervous system, proper heart function, and the metabolism of carbohydrates. Vitamin B3, also known as niacin, is important for healthy skin, nervous system, and digestive system. One cup of durian contains 61% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin B1 and 39% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin B3 (DoveMed, 2014).
In addition to vitamins and fiber, durian is also rich in antioxidants. Antioxidants are compounds that protect cells from damage caused by harmful molecules called free radicals. Free radicals can contribute to the development of diseases like cancer, heart disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. Durian contains antioxidants like vitamin C, carotenoids, and flavonoids (Organic Facts, 2017).